Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Disadvantages Of Social Media - 1785 Words

81% of the entire American population have a social media account (Statista). Now more than ever, people are online and connecting. It has created a new kind of connection that will never be able to be matched, and is vital to our generation. With something that is still considered fairly new technology, it’s no surprise that there are concerns about its validity as a positive force in our lives. Social media, although surrounding it is a lot of controversy, is such a vital tool that we are lucky to be able to take advantage of in our world. With something with such a forceful presence in our environment, doubts about its disposition are bound to arise. One of the biggest concerns about social media is the rise of social predators. These†¦show more content†¦Frankly, this isn’t a social media problem. This is a problem with people not being secure enough in their own lives to be able to be happy for others. Social media doesn’t cause depression or anxiety, envy and low self esteem are what causes people to feel this way about social media. Being envious of other people’s lifestyle has been a problem way before social media began to rise, but it’s just now becoming more apparent because of the ability to voice it to the entire world with a click of a button. Regardless of many people being able to relate to this problem, this behavior shouldn’t ever be one that is accepted or justified. Luckily, if you are one of these people who experience this #FOMO (Fear Of Missing Out), soci al media platforms come with the option to block, unfollow, and hide content as well as people. On the flip side, social media does open up the door for cyber-bullying. Because you aren’t talking to a person face to face, people can feel a sense of detachment from their words and find it easier to say whatever they want because they feel there are no consequences. This is especially apparent within celebrities. â€Å"Haters† and â€Å"Trolls† are common terms to describe people who spend their time on the internet hating on others. Although this is a very reasonable argument for why social media can be dangerous, it is weakened by the fact that there are tools in place to preventShow MoreRelatedDisadvantages And Disadvantages Of Social Media1536 Words   |  7 Pages Disadvantages of Social Media Jiacheng Liu EAP/VI/C Sarah Peterson April/15/2015 Abstract Social media is an inherent part of current Internet and used by more than a billion individuals worldwide. They provide opportunities to share ideas and interact with others, from old friends to strangers. In spite of the fact that social media has changed individuals’ lives with unnumbered benefits, many disadvantages, to users, are hidden under the superficial advantages, includingRead MoreSocial Media Disadvantages1246 Words   |  5 PagesSocial media is a way for people to communicate anywhere and at any time. Some people think that it is beneficial to have in society. Although, many people are starting to see negative effects arise from the use of social media as well. These negative effects are increasing and becoming more problematic every day. The disadvantages of social media far outweigh the advantages. Social media effects everyone in society, especially teenagers by negatively impacting their lives, face-to-face interactionsRead MoreDisadvantages Of Social Media 1242 Words   |  5 PagesSocial media channels, such as Facebook, have become a primary method of communication between individuals and companies, but are not always the most effective. Social media channels are examples of controlled media. Controlled media includes the ability to select the exact words and images that get sent. However, there is a possible disadvantage of a lack of credibility because the receivers are aware the business is controlling the message. Controlled media is also costly, especially when usingRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Social Media750 Words   |  3 Pages 1 Social Media Somalia Sexton September 30, 2017 HUM/186 Allyson Wells 2 What are the advantages and disadvantages of easily obtainable information? Easily obtainable information is convenient for the most part. It allows you to do a million things at once. It saves you a lot of time while getting things done. If you’re a lazy person when it comes to researching things, easily obtainable information is more convenient for you. Easily finding information on the web requires littleRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Social Media769 Words   |  4 Pages Social Media Paper Joshua Yates HUM/186 10/1/2017 Allyson Wells â€Æ' The Advantages and Disadvantages of Social Media and Obtainable Information Social media has become an integrated part of our culture and a useful communication tool when properly used. Every day people log on to social media sites to get updates on everything from celebrities, family, and friends to top stories and breaking news. We also use social media in our professional lives. Individuals use social media as a cost-effectiveRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Social Media1041 Words   |  5 PagesNOT APA FORMATTED NO SOURCES Social Media Paper Jerald Washington University of Phoenix HUM/186 â€Æ' In the modern world, it has become very easy to obtain information from social media, and this happens instantaneously. It is essential to appreciate all advantages and disadvantages before making use of social media. One advantage of easily obtainable information is expediency. It is convenient for people to be in one place and catch the hottest news, listen to the fresh top songs onRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Social Media1280 Words   |  6 PagesSocial Media Brenton Adams HUM/186 08/28/2017 Allyson Wells Social Media We have all seen how friends, family, acquaintances and more talk to each other through social media platforms; often with personal disregard and by providing misinformation. Similarly, we have also seen rotating â€Å"news† articles and other tidbits of information being passed around, though how much is accurate? Being able to have information rapidly available can be beneficial, though distinguishing fact from fictionRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Social Media1177 Words   |  5 PagesRunning Head: SOCIAL MEDIA 1 SOCIAL MEDIA 5 Social Media Name Institution Date Social Media Advantages and Disadvantages of Easily Obtainable Information In the contemporary world, social networks, and the general internet has an eminent role as sources of wide range information feeding people in different sectors with the type of information they seek spontaneously. Much of easily obtainable informationRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Social Media805 Words   |  4 Pages Society relies on information that they obtain from the news, media, social media sites to gather the newest information or current events. As the technology years keep advancing there are newer forms of finding out current events or situations that are occurring around the world. People are now able to get news faster then what they have a century ago. There’s social media sites like Facebook, there are news channel apps that send you alerts on your cellular device when the storyRead MoreAdvantage And Disadvantage Of Social Media1197 Words   |  5 Pagesusage. According to Nielsen, Internet users continue to spend more time with social media sites than any other type of site. For content contributors, the benefits of participating in social media have gone beyond simply social sharing to building reputation and bringing in career opportunities and monetary income, as discussed in Tang, Gu, and Whinston (2012). Read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_media Social media has changed every individual’s life in a way. Either if it is about chatting

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

An Acronym That Stands For Drug Abuse Resistance Education

D.A.R.E. Essay What is D.A.R.E.? D.A.R.E is an acronym that stands for Drug Abuse Resistance Education. In D.A.R.E. they teach us about how to resist any drug, or something that messes with the way the mind and brain works. We have learned many things throughout the D.A.R.E. program. I am about to tell you what I have learned in D.A.R.E. program, how I have used the D.A.R.E. Decision Making Model, and how I will use what I have learned in D.A.R.E. to make safe and responsible choices. I have learned many things in D.A.R.E. Some of them include how to make safe and responsible decisions by defining and assessing the problems and responding. One of the most important things I have learned in D.A.R.E. is communicating effectively. To†¦show more content†¦If a person consumes too much alcohol, it could lead to a coma and possible death. Alcohol goes straight to your bloodstream and can damage every organ of a person’s body. Tobacco also affects your body in a negative way. Smoking can cause heart disease. The nicotine that is contained in cigarettes and chewing tobacco reduces the amount of blood that flows to the brain. This will cause interference with the way the brain works. Smokers typically have more colds and upper respiratory problems than non smokers. Smoking is also one of the causes of lung cancer. Chewing tobacco can cause mouth cancer, tooth loss, and other health problems. Smoking yellows your teeth and causes bad breath, and can dry your skin and cause wrinkles. I also learned facts about alcohol and tobacco use. There are 75,000 alcohol related deaths each year in the United States. If you mix alcohol with medicine it is very dangerous. Also, since teen bodies are still growing, alcohol affects them more severely than adults. There are more than 200 known harmful chemicals in cigarette smoke. Nicotine is a powerfully addictive substance that is found in cigarettes. Smoking is also the leading preventable cause of death in the United States. Did you know more than 400,000 Americans die from tobacco related causes each year. Almost 50,000 deaths per year can be attributed to secondhand smoke. One of the first things we were taught D.A.R.E. was the D.A.R.E. Decision

Purchasing Traditional Purchasing Values

Question: Describe about the Purchasing for Traditional Purchasing Values. Answer: 1. Traditional purchasing values method involves various steps such as material requisition, bidding, purchase order, shipping advice, invoice and payment. This method have been deemed to be slow and labour intensive as each transaction require its own paper trail and the process is repeated sequentially with every new transaction. On the other hand, Just-in-time method (JIT) is a production and stock management system in which materials are purchased and or material units produced or ordered only when actually needed to meet actual customer demand. In JIT system, the manufacturing system inventories are minimized whereas in some cases they are zero. It requires the producers to forecast demand in advance and consequently producing and maintaining an efficient inventory level: an inventory level that ensures improved quality, reduced costs and reduced lead time (Cachon Fisher, 2015). The traditional purchasing method can be viewed as one with a number of resulting inefficiencies such as it consists of a sequence of non- value adding activities which more often than not result into excessive documentation and consequently excessive order processing time. The overall result of this method is excessive administration cost with respect to transaction handling. This method also involves large lot sizes which increase holding costs and probability of wastage. The idea is less deliveries of large quantities. However, this system ensures that inventory is always available as and when needed since there are items in store or being manufactured always (De Toni Nassimbeni, 2014). On the other hand, the JIT system reduces the waste associated with inventory and it also delivers the ability to make frequent and timely deliveries to the customers. The buyer is able to exercise options on the delivery schedule and the method calls for increased innovation in the manufacturing systems. JIT systems makes use of technology and consequently ordering and carrying costs are reduced in the process. Processes are automated and as such, purchase orders can be processed through the systems, inventory records updated automatically therefore reducing manual handling and labor costs. However, the system has its shortcomings in that it involves a major overhaul of business systems during implementation and hence it may be difficult and costly to introduce. JIT also makes the business to be susceptible to a number of operational risks pertinent to the supply chain and a few distortions in supplies can bring into halt the production process (Fazel, Fischer Gilbert, 2013). The benefits accrued by the shop when it maintains both methods are several. While JIT ensures automation of the production and operations, traditional method ensures availability of some optimal inventory at all times hence hedging against the risk of interruption in supplies. JIT system is also expensive implement and therefore a hybrid of the two helps to meet the operational costs almost halfway as traditional method is ideal in cost savings involved with carrying costs and set up or ordering costs of inventory (Wilson, 2014). 2. For the purposes of this discussion, lets assume a situation where the chairs shop uses the JIT system entirely and another scenario where it uses the traditional approach entirely. The advantages involved in maintaining a JIT system in the chair manufacturing shop is that the system ensures improved productivity and quality. This yields a higher customer satisfaction level. Since the shop is manufacturing different types of chairs, the system can be designed such that an optimal product mix of the different types of chairs can be arrived at based on the buyers preferences and buying trends (Gunasekaran, 2014). JIT system is also able to update and monitor inventory levels therefore it will maintain a minimum inventory level such that there is no single time that each type of chair is not available in the manufacturing line. By minimizing the inventory levels, JIT frees up resources to employ elsewhere in the company and therefore working capital which would otherwise be held up in stock will be employed in other business processes. The main disadvantage that would arise in this case would be when there is a disruption on the supply chain and there is no inventory already maintained. This will result to stock outs and possibly the chairs shop may incur reputational costs associated (Monden, 2014). Lets now assume the chairs shop uses the traditional system altogether. The advantages that accrue on maintaining a traditional system is that at no time are there stock outs as the shop will be keen on ensuring that the chairs are available for production and delivery to the buyers. Even where there is a disruption on the supply line, there is always as a safety stock in holding available to the customers. The system also allows for the workers to excise human skills in all the processes and therefore improving interpersonal relations between them, the suppliers and the buyers and in this way they can be able to plan and determine the optimal inventory level that will minimize holding and ordering costs. However, the main disadvantage with this approach is that it may increase waste when not all inventories are purchased. It also increases the inventory costs as well as operational costs (Monczka Trent, 2015). While traditional approach assumes a functional organization devised to bring manufacturing costs to minimum for the particular component, the JIT system assumes an intermediate processes to that addresses the demands for subsequent stages of production directly. From a cost comparison view based on the ability to utilize economies of scale, a tradeoff may exist if the economies of manufacturing derived from the traditional approach are more significant and in this case a traditional system will be preferred from a cost dimension. However, a total cost comparison arising from other costs savings accrued for example in JIT system such reduction of waste, reduced inventory cost and improved quality of products may lead to the shop arriving at a compromise between the two systems so as to tap on the benefits accrued from the two approaches (Pearson Gritzmacher, 2013). References Cachon, G. P., Fisher, M. (2015). Supply chain inventory management and the value of shared information. Management science, 46(8), 1032-1048. De Toni, A., Nassimbeni, G. (2014). Just-in-time purchasing: an empirical study of operational practices, supplier development and performance. Omega, 28(6), 631-651. Fazel, F., Fischer, K. P., Gilbert, E. W. (2013). JIT purchasing vs. EOQ with a price discount: An analytical comparison of inventory costs. International Journal of Production Economics, 54(1), 101-109. Gunasekaran, A. (2014). Just-in-time purchasing: An investigation for research and applications. International Journal of Production Economics, 59(1-3), 77 84. Monden, Y. (2014). Toyota production system: an integrated approach to just-in-time. CRC Press. Monczka, R. M., Trent, R. J. (2015). Purchasing and sourcing strategy: trends and implications. Center for Advanced Purchasing Studies. Pearson, J. N., Gritzmacher, K. J. (2013). Integrating purchasing into strategic management. Long Range Planning, 23(3), 91-99. Wilson, D. T. (2014). An integrated model of buyer-seller relationships. Journal of the academy of marketing science, 23(4), 335-345.

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Why Youth Join Gangs Essay Example For Students

Why Youth Join Gangs Essay Gangs are a violent reality that people have to deal with in todays cities. What has made these groups come about? Why do kids feel that being in a gang is both an acceptable and prestigious way to live? The long range answer to these questions can only be speculated upon, but in the short term the answers are much easier to find. On the surface, gangs are a direct result of human beings personal wants and peer pressure. To determine how to effectively end gang violence we must find the way that these morals are given to the individual. Unfortunately, these can only be hypothesized. However, by looking at the way humans are influenced in society, I believe there is good evidence to point the blame at several institutions. These include the forces of the media, the government, theatre, drugs and our economic system. We will write a custom essay on Why Youth Join Gangs specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now On the surface, gangs are caused by peer pressure and greed. Many teens in gangs will pressure peers into becoming part of a gang by making it all sound glamorous. Money is also an crucial factor. A kid (a 6-10 year old, who is not yet a member) is shown that s/he could make $200 to $400 for small part time gang jobs. Although these are important factors they are not strong enough to make kids do things that are strongly against their morals. One of the ways that kids morals are bent so that gang violence becomes more acceptable is the influence of television and movies. The average child spends more time at a TV than she/he spends in a classroom. Since nobody can completely turn off their minds, kids must be learning something while watching the TV. Very few hours of television watched by children are educational, so other ideas are being absorbed during this period of time. Many shows on television today are extremely violent and are often shown this from a gangs perspective. A normal adult can see that this is showing how foully that gangs are living. However, to a child this portrays a violent gang existance as acceptable. The Ends Justifies the Means mentality is also taught through many shows where the goody guy captures the bad guy through violence and is then being commended. A young child sees this a perfectly acceptable because he knows that the bad guy was wrong but has no idea of what acceptable apprehension t echniques are. Gore in television also takes a big part in influencing young minds. Children see gory scenes and are fascinated by these things that they have not seen before. Older viewers see gore and are not concerned with the blood but rather with the pain the victim must feel. A younger mind doesnt make this connection. Thus a gore fascination is formed, and has been seen in several of my peers. Unfortunately kids raised with this sort of television end up growing up with a stronger propensity to becoming a violent gang member or violent- acceptant person. Gangs bring the delinquent norms of society into intimate contact with the individual.1, (Marshall B Clinard, 1963). So, as you can see if TV leads a child to believe that violence is the norm this will manifest itself in the actions of the child quite, often in a gang situation. This is especially the case when parents dont spend a lot of time with their kids at the TV explaining what is right and what is wrong. Quite often newer books and some types of music will enforce this type of thought and ideas. Once this mentality is installed in youngsters they become increasingly prone to being easily pushed into a gang situation by any problem at home or elsewhere. For instance, in poor families with many children or upper-middle class families where parents are always working, the children will often feel deprived of love. Parents can often feel that putting food on the table is enough love. Children of these families may often go to the gang firstly out of boredom and to belong somewhere. As time goes on, a form of love or kinship develops between the gang members and the child. It is then that the bond between the kid and the gang is completed because the gang has effectively taken the place of the family. .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c , .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c .postImageUrl , .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c , .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c:hover , .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c:visited , .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c:active { border:0!important; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c:active , .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u0e1c32bd23e2cbd4bc385ee084e8418c:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Reconstruction in the South EssayThe new anti social structure of cities also effects the ease in which a boy/girl can join a gang. The formation of gangs in cities, and most recently in suburbs, is facilitated by the same lack of community among parents. The parents do not know what their children are doing for two reasons: First, much of the parents lives is outside the local community, while the childrens lives are lived almost totally within it. Second, in a fully developed community, the network of relations gives every parent, in a sense, a community of sentries who can keep him informed of his childs activities. In modern living-places (city or suburban), where suc h a network is attenuated, he no longer has such sentries.2, (Merton Nisbet, 1971). In male gangs problems occur as each is the members tries to be the most manly. This often leads to all members participating in one-up-manship. Quite often this will then lead to each member trying to commit a bigger and more violent crime or simply more crimes than the others. With all members participating in this sort of activity it makes for a never ending unorganized violence spree (A sort of Clockwork Orange mentality). In gangs with more intellegent members these feelings end up making each member want to be the star when the groups commit a crime. This makes the gang much more organized and improves the morale of members which in turn makes them more dangerous and very hard for the police to deal with and catch (There is nothing harder to find and deal with than organized teens that are dedicated to the group). This sort of gang is usually common of middle or upper class people although it can happen in gangs in the projects and other low rent districts too. This one-up-manship is often the reason between rival gangs fighting. All gangs feel powerful and they want to be feared. To do this they try to establish themselves as the only gang in a certain neighborhood. After a few gang fights hatred forms and gang murders and drive-bys begin to take place. When two gangs are at war it makes life very dangerous for citizens in the area. Less that 40% of drive-bys kill their intended victim yet over 60% do kill someone. This gang application is one of the many reasons that sexual sterotypes and pressure to conform to the same must be stopped. Lastly one of the great factors in joining a gang is for protection. Although from an objective point of view, we can see joining a gang brings more danger than it saves you from, this is not always the way it is seen by kids. In slums such as the Bronx or the very worst case, Compton, children will no doubt be beaten and robbed if they do not join a gang. Of course they can probably get the same treatment from rivals when in a gang. The gang also provides some money for these children who quite often need to feed their families. The reason kids think that the gang will keep them safe is from propoganda from the gangs. Gang members will say that no one will get hurt and make a public show of revenge if a member is hurt or killed. People in low rent areas are most often being repressed due to poverty and most importantly, race. This often results in an attitude that motivates the person to base his/her life on doing what the system that oppresses them doesnt want. Although this accomplishes little it is a big factor in gang enrollment. So, as you have seen gangs are a product of the environment we have created for ourselves. Some of these factors include: oppression, the media, greed, violence and other gangs. There seems to be no way to end the problem of gangs without totally restructuring the modern economy and value system. Since the chance of this happening is minimal, we must learn to cope with gangs and try to keep their following to a minimum. Unfortunately there is no real organized force to help fight gangs. Of course the police are supposed to do this but this situation quite often deals with racial issues also and the police forces regularly display their increasing inability to deal fairly with these issues. What we need are more people to form organizations like the Guardian Angels a gang-like group that makes life very tough for street gangs that are breaking laws.

Monday, March 16, 2020

Objectives of Project Management

Objectives of Project Management The objectives of project management can be summarized as the end results that are to be achieved from a project. What must be understood is that, from a literal perspective, the term objectives can be defined as the driving force which pushes an individual or group towards a set of defined goals.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Objectives of Project Management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Taking this particular definition into consideration, objectives in project management can thus be defined as a series of goals by which a project manager or a project team will attempt to reach via their work strategies or strategic positioning resulting in the advancement of their agenda (Street Daniels, 2010). Another way of looking at project management objectives is to see it from a perspective where a set of particular results need to be accomplished by the project manager or team. This can come in the form of increasing the level of productivity in assembly lines through the use of Six Sigma processes or new technologies which increase the efficiency and effectiveness of an assembly line. Other examples of project management objectives come in the of figuring out new and innovative ways of decreasing the cost of labor through the use of outsourcing, implementing new methods of environmental and work safety compliance as well as reducing a companys overhead through the use of new resource strategies (Street Daniels, 2010). Based on these examples it can be seen that objectives in project management can be described as the end result brought about from the completion of a project. It must be noted though that objectives are not immovable sets of goals that need to be followed exactly, rather the unique aspect of project management objectives lies in the fact that they can be modified depending on the end goals of a particular project and the various influences and changes that occurs within a busin ess environment. One example of this can be seen in the project management objective of developing a new chicken based product that will sell well within the targeted demographics in the companys various restaurants. If there are issues related to the availability of local and international suppliers regarding the necessary chicken parts then the project management objectives will subsequently adjust due to the provided information and attempt to modify itself to proceed in another direction (Andersen, 2010). What must be understood is that businesses do not operate within a vacuum wherein decisions on specific operations within a particular project dont undergo eventual changes due to market forces. As markets and the factors that influence them change so too do the objectives that drive a specific project. Failure to properly adjust a project’s objectives can lead to disastrous consequences for a company due to possible ramifications in terms of time and resources lost in s upporting an objective that didnt take into consideration changing market events (Andersen, 2010). One example of this can be seen in Microsofts ill fated attempt at penetrating g into the music player industry with their new product the Zoon.Advertising Looking for essay on project management? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This particular device was meant as a response to Apples growing dominance of the portable music player industry yet as evidenced by the failure of the Zoon it was obvious that Microsoft didnt take into consideration the sheer amount of market influence already possessed by Apple which would make almost any attempt at penetrating the same market an utter and complete disaster. Other companies ranging from Hp to Dell have had similar experiences with a host of other experimental products and as such can be considered evidence of the necessity of adjusting project management objectives based on an examination of outside information and changing as necessary. Why is it so essential in developing information systems? Information systems can be described as the interface between people, organizations and technology enabling the business to accomplish a specific task or action (Willcocks Whitley, 2009). One example of an information system are the various applications and websites utilized by Amazon in selling products, accepting client payments through credit card processing applications, contacting their warehouses and shipping bought products to the correct addresses indicated by their consumers. While this is only a one example of the plethora of information systems out there what must be understood is that information systems act as methods of integration for a company helping to streamline specific processes so that they can be controlled, influenced and improved when necessary (Willcocks Whitley, 2009). Developing proper information systems is an essential aspect for a company for without it a company will be unable to properly deal with the buying, selling and the utilization of resources across various locations in the country. Due to the varied and often complicated nature of company operations it becomes a necessity to streamline and integrate product delivery processes, methods of operation, customer service and various other operational capacities. A company cannot just simply develop and market a product without taking into consideration how best to allocate specific resources in determining where a product needs to go, which branch needs it most, how will product returns be processed and how HR services will deal with salaries for the myriad employees within a company. A company requires an efficient and up-to-date information system in order to integrate the factors mentioned into an efficient and effective operational strategy so as to better serve its clients. The larger a company get the more hectic and haphazard its operations tend to become, especially in instances where its operations are located in different countries (Saunders, 2007).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Objectives of Project Management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Organizations need to understand how to properly allocate resources to specific international locations, how suppliers can be contacted, what are the limits of production on a daily basis and how will each branch location contact each other (Saunders, 2007). In other words information systems can be classified as solutions to identified problems or necessary methods of integration. What must be understood is that while managers and CEOs are great at coming up with specific solutions to problems they are lost when it comes to implementing these particular solutions when they require computer programming as one of the factors behind the implementation. Information systems and information system specialists bridge thi s gap by being able to integrate the ideas of managers and CEOs into viable technological applications that can be implemented on a company wide basis (Al-Abdul-Gader, 1999). For example, if a company is currently having problems with its archaic method of form based ordering in order to get products from the warehouse to consumers a manager or CEO would think to implement a faster and better means of getting orders to warehouses without having to rely on someone physically going there and handing them the orders. They would of course think to apply a computer based system for this particular solution and this is where information systems come in. An information system in this particular situation becomes an applied solution where it is developed in order to help a company resolve a particular problem. On the other hand if the company was to expand and have a more diverse array of products and factories further development of the initial information systems becomes necessary in orde r to adapt to the growing needs of the company. It is based on this that it can be seen that information systems act as a necessary method of process integration which enables a company to do its job better and as such it is essential to have it within a company. Reference List Al-Abdul-Gader, A. H. (1999). Managing Computer Based Information Systems inDeveloping Countries : A Cultural Perspective. IGI Global. Andersen, E. (2010). Are we getting any better? Comparing project management in the years 2000 and 2008. Project Management Journal, 41(4), 4-16.Advertising Looking for essay on project management? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Saunders, C. (2007). Information Systems in Developing Countries. MIS Quarterly,  31(2), iii-vi. Street, J. N., Daniels, R. L. (2010). Reducing Risk of Unacceptable Project Performance: A Demonstration Case Analysis. Cost Engineering, 52(12), 10-19. Willcocks, L., Whitley, E. A. (2009). Developing the Information and Knowledge Agenda in Information Systems: Insights From Philosophy. Information Society,  25(3), 190-197.

Saturday, February 29, 2020

Big Cities Vs Small Towns Cultural Studies Essay

Big Cities Vs Small Towns Cultural Studies Essay When speaking to an individual of experience, possibly an explorer or an elder, someone may be informed about the way people from particular towns behave. Such as, ‘people from big cities are always in rush’ or ‘citizens from smaller towns are friendlier’. As John Jake states, â€Å"The big city and small town have been stereotyped in the American experience as being at opposite ends of an imagined social gradient–the former more a place of cold impersonality in social relations and the latter more a place of warm personalized community. Assumptions about urban-based â€Å"mass society† largely blinded Americans through the twentieth century to the existence of, and importance of, locality-based community in big cities. Early in the century, most urban Americans emigrated from rural and small town circumstances, bringing to the nation’s cities strong rural and small town proclivities at neighboring. Both central city working-class neig hborhoods and affluent suburbs mirrored the small town.†(Jakle,1) But, for someone born, raised and living in that small town, these differences may seem clearly an opinion, and perhaps some distinctions are. So why, then do so many people prefer one type of life style over the other? Specific characteristics such as economics, population, crime rate, traffic, city planning and also architecture, differentiate one region from the next. In order to form an opinion, one must analyze two towns on opposing ends of the spectrum. By comparing two towns: a small town, and also a busy suburb, the differences in the characteristics of citizens, the city, and their daily life, make it seem as though small towns and big cities are practically from different countries. As John Jake confirms, â€Å"America’s small towns and big cities occupy opposite ends of an urban spectrum. Early in the twentieth century, commentators on American life clearly differentiated towns and cities as s ocially different–the two kinds of place sustaining very different ways of life.†(Jakle,1) In a small town, at first one might notice the appearance. It is not generally uncommon to see an assorted crew of soiled young children come running into the neighborhood supermarket without shirts or shoes and buy candy. The cashier, rather than ushering the inadequately clothed children out the door, asks them how their parents have been, they just so happen to live next door. This sort of incident would not go over so well in a big city. The same young children would have been asked to leave and later admonished by their parents for going out in public looking so disarrayed. For example, in a Clockwork Orange a young fifteen-year-old boy known only by the name of Alex is the antihero. Alex and his three â€Å"droogs† are a gang of youngsters who goes around in the dangerous streets of London, fighting, raping, pillaging, and all the basic doings generally associated wit h anarchy. In a small town, this would be less likely to happen. Overalls, dirty jeans and hats are not uncommon apparel for citizens out running errands and are almost a necessity for the distinguished elderly man. Aside from the readily differences, citizens of small towns seem to have contrasting personality traits as well. Take the scene of a crowded store during the holidays, for instance. In a busy, crowded big city, a shopper with a cart overflowing with items in the checkout lane would simply be focused on checking out and planning on where they need to go next. However in a small sleepy town, that same shopper may check to see if the person just behind them, with only a couple of items, might want to go ahead. Then, possibly even strike up a conversation with a total stranger. As John Jake explains, † To Simmel, large cities overloaded residents with social stimuli, producing in people defensive behaviors both patterned and regularized. The urban personality was reser ved and detached. Contact person-to-person in the city might be face-to-face, but even those encounters tended to the impersonal, the superficial, and the transitory (Wirth 1938). The metropolis was seen as a mass of separate individuals variously practicing social avoidance, especially in public spaces. City streets were seen as cold and unfriendly (Gross 1965). Small towns, on the other hand, with limited populations interacting in limited geographical areas, tended not to produce social overload. There, people could personalize relationships, even the cursory spontaneities of chance encounter in public space. Small town streets were warm and friendly. The idealized small town was likened to a nurturing extended family, whereas the city was made out to be a place of alienated individuals (Smith 1966).†(Jakle,1) Another strange exception happens to be a relative disregard for locking the doors at night or even at all. This such behavior is unheard of in the big cities of larg er towns. In small towns neighbors have a tendency to look out for the good of the neighborhood, and are always cautious, but with such low crime occurrences, such preventative measures as door-locking are not required.

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Marketing Research Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Marketing Research - Essay Example For ordinary research, the problem definition is comprised of a description of the background situation and the statement of the problem. In the context of market research, particularly in the case of applied market research in a practical setting, problem definition refers to an entirely different process. According to Malhotra (1996), â€Å"Problem definition involves stating the general problem and identifying the specific components of the marketing research problem. Only when the marketing research problem has been clearly defined can research be designed and conducted† (p. 47). Gibson (1998) stated that â€Å"Problem definition is best thought of as solution definition – the selection of a domain likely to be rich in ideas to solve the problem† (p. 5). Most recently, Wild & Diggines (2010) said that â€Å"Problem definition is the most important step in a research project†¦often more important than its solution† (p. 42). As may be deduced, there is no one hard and fast definition of problem definition in market research, except the stress on its importance to effect a solution, and from this therefore it must be said that problem definition should result in an actionable research plan. Malhotra (2011) provides the following diagram and example of a marketing research problem defined: Source: Malhotra (2011, p. ... etermining the various needs of automobile users and the extent to which current product offerings were satisfying those needs.† Note that the broad statement includes the target of the research (i.e., automobile users), the object of research (their needs), and the subject of research (the extent to which the needs were satisfied). To complete the problem definition, the specific components are as follows: Component 1: What needs do buyers of passenger cars, station wagons, and sports utility vehicles seek to satisfy? Component 2: How well do existing automobile product offerings meet these needs? Component 3: Is there a segment of the automobile market whose needs are not being adequately met? Component 4: What automobile features does the segment identified in number 3 desire? Component 5: What is the demographic and psychographic profile of the identified segment? (Malhotra, 2011, 2-17 to 2-18). The problem definition should be neither too wide that the problem becomes vagu e, nor too narrow that important considerations are left out. A well formulated problem definition should be able to answer the following basic questions: (Zikmund & Babin, 2006, p. 122) What is the purpose of the study? How much is already known? Is additional background information necessary? What is to be measured? How? Can the data be made available? Should research be conducted? Can a hypothesis be formulated? As to subject matter, Emanuel H. Demby, formerly of MPI Marketing Research Inc in New York (in Marketing News, 1975, p. 8), marketing problems may be classified into four, namely: Market targets – understanding the who and why of the potential consumer Product positioning – critical benefits that will create a strong edge in the target market Decision-making process – should